Home | About us | Editorial Board | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Instructions | Online submissionContact Us   |  Subscribe   |  Advertise   |  Login  Page layout
Wide layoutNarrow layoutFull screen layout
Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
  Users Online: 886   Home Print this page  Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Year : 1984  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-28

A Cross-Sectional Comparative Study Between 3 Urban Communities (Inclusive Of Slums) With Different Air Pollution Levels And A Rural Community For Health Morbidity And Lung Function

Correspondence Address:
K. D Godkhindi

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

A cross-sectional study of 3 urban residential and slum communities from areas with high, medium and low air pollution (5213, 9235 and 4700 subjects) along with a rural control community situated 30 km. Southwest of Bombay (3124 subjects) in 1980-81 was carried out. There were significant differences for SO2 and NO2 between 4 localities, as also for age, sex, occupation, housing and income among these communities; slums had much poorer surroundings. The prevalence of tobacco smoking in males of 4 localities was 15.8% (rural), 16.7 to 17.6% (residential urban) and 24.4 to 30.7% (urban slums) respectively. A history of diarrhoea was more frequent in all urban communities (particularly the high: 12.6%) as compared to the rural group (5.6%: P < 0.05). Breathlessness was seen in 10.0% in the 'urban high' area and 3.0 to 3.8% in other communities except slum subjects of the 'urban medium' area (22.4%)' chronic dry cough was seen oftener in the 'urban medium' area (29.5% residential and 34.9% slum subjects); productive cough (for 3 months or more) was seen in 2.7% (low), 3.8% (medium) and 5.8% (high) of the urban residential communities and 3.4% rural subjects. The slum subjects from two more polluted areas showed a higher prevalence. All the slum subjects (particularly from the 'urban medium' area), had a greater history of frequent colds. The prevalence of raised blood pressure was higher in more polluted (particularly the urban high) areas and slums had a lower prevalence. The urban high community also showed a greater evidence of obstruction on lung function.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded95    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal