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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 1984  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-49

Trends In Causes Of Death In 4 Zones Of Bombay Over 1971-79



Correspondence Address:
Sanjivani V Shetye


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Causes of death from 1971-79 were categorised into cardiovascular, infectious, respiratory, tuberculous and cancer deaths. These were standardised for age and sex distribution of central Bombay and compared for trends in 4 zones of Bombay city. The city's growth has been more rapid in eastern suburbs over this period. The deaths due to infectious disease were declining and cancer deaths were increasing slowly. The deaths due to gastrointestinal causes remained stable; but death rates for cardio-respiratory causes were high and increasing over the period. The respiratory deaths were highest in Central Bombay which is most polluted. Standardised death rates for gastritis, diarrhoea etc. were declining in South Bombay, constant in the Central Bombay and increasing in other zones (provided with an inadequate drainage system). Deaths due to cardiovascular causes showed a decline in south Bombay and an increase in the central Bombay and western suburbs. The cause may be air pollution due to industry and vehicle congestion. Respiratory deaths were higher in the central Bombay and eastern suburbs where industrial pollution levels were high. The respiratory deaths in the eastern suburbs recently have declined a little with the pollution levels. Cancer deaths showed a relation to Benzopyrene levels measured. Thus in this analysis, patterns of death (particularly cardio-respiratory and cancer) were related to types of air pollution.


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