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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 1988  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-70

Knowledge And Attitude Of Tuberculous Patients Towards Their Disease And Its Management

Correspondence Address:
B. L Mathuria

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A total of 300 sputum positive patients of pulmonary tuberculosis were interviewed to evaluate the factors which prompted them to seek medical advice, as well as to study their knowledge about tuberculosis, its management and prevention. A large number of patients knew that cough (97.3%), gradual weakness (88%), fever (81.3%), spitting of blood (66.6%), breathlessness (65.3%), loss of weight (56%) and chest pain (44%) can be symptoms of tuberculosis, almost half of the patients (49%) felt coughing was the made of transmission. 92.5 per cent know that disease is curable and 91 per cent opined that drugs alone can treat tuberculosis. But only 14 per cent related its aetiology to specific germ. None of the patients know that sputum examination alone can also be helpful in diagnosis. 85 per cent stressed upon hospitalization for treatment and 39 per cent upon good nourishment. Only 9.6 per cent know about BCG vaccination and 28 per cent were aware about district tuberculosis center and National tuberculosis control programme. A gross difference was observed between awareness of symptoms on one hand and knowledge about the disease and behaviour of patients on the other hand. Some possible solutions are suggested.

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