Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
This study was designed to find prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection among pulmonary tuberculosis patients, their clinical profile and treatment response with antituberculous chemotherapy. 2448 consecutive patients of pulmonary tuberculosis admitted between July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1995 were assessed for HIV seropositivity. Their clinical profile treatment response and fate was also studied along with HIV infection. It is concluded that 0.7% pulmonary tuberculosis patients were infected with HIV infection with an alarming increasing trend, comprising young, promiscuous heterosexual and mobile population. Cavitary and non-cavitary diseases were seen in approximately equal number of cases. A high mortality was seen in HIV/TB infected group (66.6%), and bad prognostic factors were a negative tuberculin reaction and low expected CD4 count.