Home | About us | Editorial Board | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Instructions | Online submissionContact Us   |  Subscribe   |  Advertise   |  Login  Page layout
Wide layoutNarrow layoutFull screen layout
Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
  Users Online: 857   Home Print this page  Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 143-146

Nutritional status predicts outcome in patients hospitalised with exacerbation of COPD


Department of Respiratory Medicine and Physiology, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore 560034, India

Correspondence Address:
Jayant Thomas Mathew
Department of Respiratory Medicine and Physiology, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore 560034
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.44387

Clinical trial registration None

Rights and Permissions

Nutritional status affects outcome in acute illnesses. Weight loss is associated with poor lung functions and outcome in chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). There is not much data on the effects of nutritional status on hospital outcome in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD. This study was conducted to address this issue. Twenty five patients with COPD admitted with acute exacerbation in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Southern India were studied. Lung functions were as­sessed by spirometry. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric mea­sures {body mass index (BMI), mid-arm circumference (MAC), triceps skin-fold thickness (TSF) and fat free mass (FFM)}. Resting energy expenditure (REE) was measured using indirect calorimetry. Hospital outcome was determined by mortal­ity, number of days to improve subjectively and number of days to discharge. Patients with a lower BMI, MAC and TSF took a longer time to recover. REE was found to be lower in patients with weight loss unlike the Western patients. On multivariate analysis, only a lower BMI was associated with a longer time to re­covery. Thus, nutritional status is an important predictor of hospital outcome in patients with COPD.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2510    
    Printed95    
    Emailed2    
    PDF Downloaded435    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal