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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 147-150

Role of bronchoalviolar lavage in pulmonary infections


Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Choithram hospital & Research center, Manik Bagh Road, Indore, M.P.

Correspondence Address:
D S Chitnis
Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Choithram hospital & Research center, Manik Bagh Road, Indore, M.P.

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.44388

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It was aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of bronchoalve Veolar lavage (BAL) from cases of infiltrative diseases of lung admitted at Choithram Hospital & Re­search Centre, Indore (M.P.) during 2003 to 2004. The analysis included gram's staining, semi quantitative bacterial culture, AFB smear and culture, WBC and dif­ferential count and cytology. The gram's staining was found to have 83.6% sensitivity as compared to semi quan­titative culture. Colony count >10,000 / ml was considered as significant and 142 specimens yielded single organism while 56 had poly-microbial infections. Gram­negative bacilli like E.coli, Klebsiella spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa formed pyogenic infections. The analysis revealed pyogenic infections in 51%, tuberculosis in 21%, fungal in­fections in 12% and malignancy in 2% cases. Thus, the analysis of BAL specimen is valuable in the diagnosis of infiltrative disorders of lung.


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