|Year : 2008 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 85-86
Focal eventration of the diaphragm masquerading as intrathoracic mass- "partial volume effect"
Vishak Acharya1, Ashvini Kumar2, Rameshchandra Sahoo1, R Anand1, K Jayrama Shetty3
1 Department of TB & Respiratory Diseases, Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, India
2 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, India
3 Department of Radiotherapy, Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, India
|Date of Web Publication||23-Jan-2009|
Department of TB & RD, Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Mangalore- 575001
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Acharya V, Kumar A, Sahoo R, Anand R, Shetty K J. Focal eventration of the diaphragm masquerading as intrathoracic mass- "partial volume effect". Lung India 2008;25:85-6
|How to cite this URL:|
Acharya V, Kumar A, Sahoo R, Anand R, Shetty K J. Focal eventration of the diaphragm masquerading as intrathoracic mass- "partial volume effect". Lung India [serial online] 2008 [cited 2020 May 26];25:85-6. Available from: http://www.lungindia.com/text.asp?2008/25/2/85/59590
| Case History|| |
A 70 years old patient diagnosed to be suffering with COPD was being treated by us for an infective exacerbation. Frontal chest radiograph showed features of emphysema with hyperinflation. As it also showed right basal hypertransluceny and obscuring of the outline of the right diaphragm, a computerised tomogram of the chest was sought. CT chest revealed a well defined circular opacity in the right lower lobe [Figure 1]. Densitometry study showed the of retroperitoneal fat was made. A CT Parasagittal reconstruction failed to show any focal defects in diaphragm, a possible cause for intrathoracic fat herniation. In view of this, the diagnosis was reviewed and a dynamic study in the form of ultrasonography of the chest was carried out [Figure 2]. Ultrasonography chest showed a focal area of eventration of the diaphragm with restricted mobility.
| Discussion|| |
In CT imaging all structures represented in a slice are averaged and represented by a single CT number for unit surface of the image, known as pixel. Thicker the slice, the more averaging of adjacent structures occurs. This phenomenon is known as partial volume effect  . In areas of thorax in which tissue densities such as the mediastinum, chest wall, and the diaphragm do not demonstrate as much contrast as the lung parenchyma, partial volume effect may be observed  . The interpreter should be keenly aware of this problem in anatomic areas in which structural boundaries are running a near parallel or shallow oblique angle relative to the scanned plane. The partial volume effect may be detrimental in imaging of lower thorax, especially in the presence of a focal diaphragmatic abnormality like partial eventration which is quite common, as in our case. Partial volume effect may be overcome to certain extent by reducing the slice thickness by collimating the x-ray beam. This case also highlights the usefulness of dynamic imaging modality like ultrasonography, as adjunct to CT imaging to improve the diagnostic accuracy.
| References|| |
|1.||Nadich, Webb, Muller, Krinsky, Zerhrini. Computed Tomography and MRI of the thorax. 3rd ed. New York. Lippincott Williams and Williams 1999. |
|2.||Brink JA, Heiken JP, Semenkovich J et al. Abnormalities of the diaphragm and adjacent structure: findings on multiplanar spiral CT scans. Am J Roentgenol 1994; 163:307-10. |
[Figure 1], [Figure 2]