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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 38-40

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: A review of 42 patients from a tertiary care center in India


Department of Pulmonary Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
R Prasad
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.48895

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Objective: To study the clinical, radiological, and laboratory profile in patients of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 42 cases of ABPA, diagnosed over a period of 10 years from 1995 to 2005, for their clinical, radiological, and laboratory profiles. Results: Of 42 ABPA patients, 27 were men and 17 were women. Their mean age at the time of diagnosis was 31.2 years and mean duration of illness was 12.2 years. Breathlessness was the chief symptom. Other allergic disorders existed in 17 (40.5%) patients, and family history suggestive of allergic disease was present in 22 (52.4%) patients. Most common chest radiographic finding was fleeting pulmonary shadows in 28 (66.7%) patients. High resolution CT thorax revealed central bronchiectasis as predominant finding. Peripheral blood eosinophilia more than 1000 cells/l, Type I and type III cutaneous reactivity to Aspergillus antigen, elevated serum titers of total IgE antibody, A. fumigatus specific IgE and IgG antibodies, and serum precipitin against A. fumigatus were positive in majority of patients, who underwent these tests. Thirty eight (90.5%) patients had had history of antitubercular treatment during the course of their illness. All 42 patients met at least four criteria for the diagnosis of ABPA. Conclusion: Any patient of bronchial asthma, presenting with recurrent shadows in chest radiograph and high peripheral blood eosinophilia, should be investigated for ABPA. Efforts need to be intensified to improve the awareness level among general physicians for early diagnosis and prompt treatment of this disease to avoid misuse of antitubercular drugs.


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