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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 184-186

Prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients


Department of Clinical Research, Institute of Pulmocare and Research, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Parthasarathi Bhattacharyya
Institute of Pulmocare and Research, CB 16, Sector I, Salt Lake, Kolkata - 700 064
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.83974

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Background: Reduction of bone mineral density (BMD) is a known and established phenomenon in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, there have been no data regarding osteoporosis/osteopenia in COPD patients in India. Aim: To look for the degree and frequency of osteoporosis/osteopenia in our OPD patients being diagnosed as COPD. Materials and Methods: Thirty-seven randomly selected patients with COPD were assessed for BMD with commercially available ultrasound bone densitometer (HOLOGIC SAHARA) in a pulmonary OPD. Some cofactors for reduced BMD were also noted. Results: Out of the 37 COPD (all belonging to the GOLD III/IV category) patients studied, the BMD was found to be normal in 10 (27%) patients, while 27 (73%) patients were found to have osteopenia/osteoporosis [19 (51.35%) and 8 (21.62%) patients having osteopenia and osteoporosis, respectively]. Conclusion: Frequency of osteoporosis and osteopenia was found to be very high (73%) in our population of advanced COPD. The data suggest a need for further in-depth study regarding the issue.


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