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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-49

Pulmonary drug delivery strategies: A concise, systematic review

1 Department of Pharmaceutics, BLDEA's College of Pharmacy, BLDE University Campus, Bijapur, India
2 Department of Pharmaceutics, Al- Ameen College of Pharmacy, Hosur Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
S Sarasija
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology (Formulation), National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Mohali, Punjab-160062
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.92361

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Because of limitations associated with the conventional treatment of various chronic diseases a growing attention has been given to the development of targeted drug delivery systems. Pulmonary route of drug delivery gaining much importance in the present day research field as it enables to target the drug delivery directly to lung both for local and systemic treatment. Over the last 2 decades, the systemic absorption of a broad range of therapeutics after pulmonary application has been demonstrated in animals as well as in humans. This review was prepared with an aim to discuss the technical, physiological, and efficacy aspects of the novel pulmonary route of drug targeting. The review also focuses on the mechanisms of pulmonary drug administration along with compatibility of the excipients employed, devices used, and techniques of particulate dosage production. This review was prepared based on the method of extensive literature survey on the topics covering all the aspects discussed in the present subject. Hence, the better understanding of complexes and challenges facing the development of pulmonary drug delivery system offer an opportunity to the pharmaceutical scientist in minimizing the clinical and technical gaps.

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