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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 149-151

Bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis in an HIV patient: Second reported case and literature review

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, Buenos Aires University, Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 Neuromuscle Diseases Center, Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, Buenos Aires University, Buenos Aires, Argentina
3 Department of HIV/AIDS, Francisco Javier Muñiz Infectious Diseases Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mariano E Mazzei
Clinics Hospital "José de San Martín", Av. Córdoba - 2351 1120, Buenos Aire
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.129846

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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease is widespread all over the world, and the neurological and respiratory complications have been described previously. Peripheral neuropathy is one of the commonest neurological complications of the HIV infection. In this report we describe a HIV positive male smoker who was admitted to the hospital because of community acquired pneumonia. Bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis was diagnosed for which no other cause was found and was attributed to the HIV infection. Isolated phrenic neuropathy and diaphragmatic paralysis in an HIV positive patient is extremely rare and only a single such association has been described previously.

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