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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 375-379

Potential impact of fireworks on respiratory health


Department of Respiratory Medicine, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Caroline Gouder
89/3 Limestone Court, Triqil-Hida, Kappara - SGN4134
Malta
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.142124

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The world-wide use of fireworks with their consequent detrimental effect on the air quality is widely recognized with elevated ambient air levels of particulate matter and its several metallic components and gases identified in several studies carried out during such events. Exposed individuals may be at risk following inhalation of such produced pollutants. This review focuses on the impact of fireworks on air quality and the potential effect of fireworks on the respiratory system of healthy individuals as well as those suffering from underlying respiratory diseases, particularly asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This applies not only to spectators including children but also to pyrotechnicians themselves. An extensive Medline search revealed that a strong evidence of the impact of fireworks on respiratory health is lacking in susceptible as well as healthy individuals with no formal studies on COPD or asthma, other than a few case reports in the latter. The implementation of global strategies to control the use of fireworks and hence improve air quality could possibly reduce their likely detrimental effect on human respiratory health in exposed individuals, but clearly a more targeted research is needed.


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