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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 92-94

Multislice computed tomography and virtual bronchoscopy diagnosis of interbronchial fistula


Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Venkatraman Indiran
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, 7 Works Road, Chromepet, Chennai - 600 044, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.197103

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Although tuberculosis is a rather common disease in the Indian subcontinent, tracheobronchial involvement in tuberculosis is still rare. Fistula formation between bronchi is very rare considering that only four cases have been published in the English literature. We present a case of multislice computed tomography (CT) and virtual bronchoscopy diagnosis of interbronchial fistula in a patient with tuberculosis along with a review of literature of the same. This happens to be the smallest of the interbronchial fistula identified on imaging so far and the first case from the Indian subcontinent. This is also the first instance where the diagnosis appears to have been made using only multislice CT generated virtual bronchoscopy without the aid of fiber optic bronchoscopy.


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