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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 232-235

Outpatient drainage for patients with spontaneous pneumothorax over 50 years of age


Department of Thoracic Surgery, Chigasaki Municipal Hospital, Chigasaki, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Atsushi Sano
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Chigasaki Municipal Hospital, Honson 5-15-1, Chigasaki, Kanagawa 253-0042
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.205324

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Introduction: The British Thoracic Society has reported a lower success rate for aspiration of spontaneous pneumothorax in patients over 50 years of age. Outpatient drainage therapy is used to manage spontaneous pneumothorax at some institutions. We examined the effect of age on outpatient drainage therapy outcomes. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the records of 68 patients who underwent outpatient drainage therapy with a thoracic vent between December 2012 and April 2015, which included 11 patients over 50 years of age. Indications for outpatient drainage therapy included pneumothorax with no circulatory or respiratory failure and no pleural effusion. Results: Of the 11 patients over 50 years of age, 5 had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), one had interstitial pneumonia, one had a history of pulmonary tuberculosis, and one has lung tumors (LTs). Among the 57 younger patients, 2 patients had COPD, and one had LTs. Unexpected hospital admission occurred in 2 patients over 50 years of age and one patient aged 50 years or less (P = 0.0658, Fisher's exact test). Six of the 11 patients over 50 years of age underwent surgery for prolonged air leakage, compared to 8 of the 57 younger patients (P = 0.00695, Fisher's exact test). Conclusions: Outpatient drainage therapy is useful for patients with spontaneous pneumothorax over 50 years of age, because outpatient drainage therapy alone was successful in 4 of 11 patients and admission for drainage was avoided in 9 of 11 patients. However, prolonged air leakage occurs more frequently in this age group.


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