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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-15

Comparison of diagnostic yield and safety profile of radial endobronchial ultrasound-guided bronchoscopic lung biopsy with computed tomography-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in evaluation of peripheral pulmonary lesions: A randomized controlled trial

1 Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 National Institute of Medical Statistics, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jagdish Chander Suri
D-II/153, West Kidwai Nagar, New Delhi - 110 023
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_208_17

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Background: Peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) pose a diagnostic challenge, and the optimal investigation in many such cases remains unclear. Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous needle biopsy (CT-PNB) has been the modality of choice for such lesions with a high diagnostic accuracy but with high rates of pneumothorax. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) with a radial probe is an alternate diagnostic modality with increased diagnostic yield of bronchoscopy in the evaluation of PPL. We conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing the diagnostic accuracy and complication rates of radial EBUS with CT-guided lung biopsy for the evaluation of PPL. Methods: Fifty patients with PPL surrounded by lung parenchyma on all sides were randomly assigned to either radial EBUS or CT-PNB group (25 each). Results: Both groups had similar clinicoradiologic characteristics. The diagnostic accuracy of radial EBUS was comparable to CT-PNB with no statistically significant difference (72 vs. 84%; P = 0.306). However, the yield was significantly lower in right upper lobe lesions (20% vs. 83.3%; P = 0.03). CT-PNB group had significantly higher pneumothorax rates than radial EBUS (20% vs. 0%; P = 0.03). The lesions that were more than 2 cm, those with ultrasound feature of continuous hyperechoic margin around the lesion (P = 0.007), and the position of the ultrasound probe within the lesion (P < 0.001) were associated with a higher diagnostic yield with radial EBUS. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that radial EBUS is a safer investigation than CT-PNB with a comparable diagnostic accuracy for PPL not abutting the chest wall (CTRI/2017/02/007762).

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