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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2009| April-June  | Volume 26 | Issue 2  
    Online since March 23, 2009

 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Tuberculosis and patient gender: An analysis and its implications in tuberculosis control
Sukhesh Rao
April-June 2009, 26(2):46-47
DOI:10.4103/0970-2113.48897  PMID:20440394
Objective : To analyze the profile of pulmonary tuberculosis patients with respect to gender and its implications in tuberculosis control. Setting: DOTS center at a tertiary, teaching hospital in South India. Materials and Methods : A retrospective study was undertaken by screening medical records of 446 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Data studied included age, gender, and sputum smear status. Patients with comorbid conditions were excluded. No other data were considered. Results : The male to female ratio in patients of pulmonary tuberculosis was 2:1, which was also maintained when smear positive and smear negative were studied separately. The ratio of smear positive to smear negative patients was statistically significant at 4.4:1. A large proportion of patients (65-68%) were in the young and reproductive age group. Approximately, one-fifth patients were in the geriatric age group. Conclusion : The observation that two-thirds of all female smear-positive patients were found in the young and reproductive age group has strong implications in tuberculosis control strategies because of higher chances of mother to child transmission and higher probability of complications because of attendant antenatal and postnatal morbidity. Geriatric patients comprise another significant group because of higher chances of default, complications, inconvenience, and existence of other comorbid conditions.
  8 2,738 605
Clinical profile of patients having pulmonary tuberculosis and renal amyloidosis
Ramakant Dixit, Rakesh Gupta, Lokendra Dave, Nishi Prasad, Sidharth Sharma
April-June 2009, 26(2):41-45
DOI:10.4103/0970-2113.48896  PMID:20440393
Objectives: This study was planned to define the clinical profile of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients having renal amyloidosis, to identify the factors responsible for development of amyloidosis, to detect the time period between onset of amyloidosis and PTB, and analyze clinical features of amyloidosis in PTB patients for early diagnosis and timely assessment. Materials and Methods: Patients of PTB having pedal edema, proteinuria, and grossly diseased kidneys on ultrasound abdomen were subjected to renal biopsy and appropriate biochemical investigations. Clinical profile of biopsy proven amyloidosis cases was analyzed. Results: There were 43 patients (32 males, 11 females, age range 20-65 years) having PTB with pedal edema, proteinuria, and renal medical disease on abdominal ultrasound where amyloidosis was confirmed by renal biopsy. The total duration of illness ranged from two months to seven years (mean 2.25 years) and was less than five years in 93% patients. All patients had significant proteinuria. Nephrotic syndrome was seen in 23, hypertension in 19, hypoalbuminemia in 33, hypercholesterolemia in 29, and deranged renal functions in 32 patients. Ninety percent patients had moderate to far advanced pulmonary lesions on chest radiography with smear positivity in 21 patients. Conclusions: Renal amyloidosis is an important complication of PTB and should be suspected clinically in patients presenting with a triad of pedal edema, proteinuria, and medical renal disease on ultrasound. Contrary to general belief, renal amyloidosis may occur in PTB patients having disease for relatively shorter duration, and even if adequately treated.
  7 4,564 669
CASE REPORTS
Right-sided diaphragmatic eventration: A rare entity
AP Kansal, Vishal Chopra, AS Chahal, Charanpreet S Grover, Harpreet Singh, Saurabh Kansal
April-June 2009, 26(2):48-50
DOI:10.4103/0970-2113.48898  PMID:20440395
Eventration of the diaphragm is an abnormal elevation of the dome of diaphragm. It is a condition in which all or part of the diaphragm is largely composed of fibrous tissue with only a few or no interspersed muscle fibers. It can be complete or partial. Complete eventration of the right diaphragm, as seen in this adult patient, is relatively rare.
  3 4,313 627
EDITORIAL
Tuberculosis transmission at healthcare facilities in India
Ashutosh N Aggarwal
April-June 2009, 26(2):33-34
DOI:10.4103/0970-2113.48893  PMID:20440390
  3 2,669 583
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
The Keith Edward scoring system: A case control study
Supriya Sarkar, Dilip Kumar Paul, Sudipta Chakrabarti, Nirmal Kumar Mandal, AG Ghoshal
April-June 2009, 26(2):35-37
DOI:10.4103/0970-2113.48894  PMID:20440391
Objective: The World health organization (WHO) has accepted Keith Edward scoring system for the diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis (TB). In the present study, we evaluated this scoring system. Methods and Results: We included 53 children with confirmed TB involving different organs, admitted in NB Medical College, during two years period as cases; and 50 randomly selected, age, sex, and organ matched confirmed non-TB cases as controls. We noticed 15.1% false negative and 22% false positive results in our study, and the scoring system had 84.9% sensitivity, 78% specificity, and 80.36% positive predictive value. Likelihood ratio positive (LR+) was 3.86, likelihood ratio negative (LR-) was 0.19, and overall agreement was 81.55%. We observed that Keith Edward scoring system was less effective in children suffering from non-TB chronic diseases (false positive rate: 45.5%). We found no significant difference in nutritional status between study and control groups (P = 0.65). We noticed that more than 15-mm indurations for tuberculin test were specific for TB in children. Conclusion: We concluded that Keith Edward scoring system is good for public health purpose, but there is a scope for improvement, and further study is required for this purpose.
  2 4,295 754
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: A review of 42 patients from a tertiary care center in India
R Prasad, R Garg, Sanjay , AD Shukla
April-June 2009, 26(2):38-40
DOI:10.4103/0970-2113.48895  PMID:20440392
Objective: To study the clinical, radiological, and laboratory profile in patients of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 42 cases of ABPA, diagnosed over a period of 10 years from 1995 to 2005, for their clinical, radiological, and laboratory profiles. Results: Of 42 ABPA patients, 27 were men and 17 were women. Their mean age at the time of diagnosis was 31.2 years and mean duration of illness was 12.2 years. Breathlessness was the chief symptom. Other allergic disorders existed in 17 (40.5%) patients, and family history suggestive of allergic disease was present in 22 (52.4%) patients. Most common chest radiographic finding was fleeting pulmonary shadows in 28 (66.7%) patients. High resolution CT thorax revealed central bronchiectasis as predominant finding. Peripheral blood eosinophilia more than 1000 cells/l, Type I and type III cutaneous reactivity to Aspergillus antigen, elevated serum titers of total IgE antibody, A. fumigatus specific IgE and IgG antibodies, and serum precipitin against A. fumigatus were positive in majority of patients, who underwent these tests. Thirty eight (90.5%) patients had had history of antitubercular treatment during the course of their illness. All 42 patients met at least four criteria for the diagnosis of ABPA. Conclusion: Any patient of bronchial asthma, presenting with recurrent shadows in chest radiograph and high peripheral blood eosinophilia, should be investigated for ABPA. Efforts need to be intensified to improve the awareness level among general physicians for early diagnosis and prompt treatment of this disease to avoid misuse of antitubercular drugs.
  2 2,918 763
CASE REPORTS
Complete radiological clearance in bilateral loculated pyopneumothorax managed conservatively
SK Verma, Vineet Mahajan
April-June 2009, 26(2):55-56
DOI:10.4103/0970-2113.48901  PMID:20440398
We are reporting a case of bilateral loculated pyopneumothorax in a 30-year-old male patient, who was treated conservatively with antibiotics alone, and had complete radiological clearance.
  1 1,957 357
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis with bronchogenic carcinoma
Girija Nair, Shivani Swami, Ankur Mehta
April-June 2009, 26(2):51-52
DOI:10.4103/0970-2113.48899  PMID:20440396
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is essentially a benign disease. We present a case of 65-year-old female patient who presented with left-sided chest pain and breathlessness. Her CT thorax revealed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis along with a left-sided pleural-based mass. Biopsy of the mass revealed a squamous cell carcinoma. She was exposed to home wood smoke while cooking on the chulla for many years, which was possibly responsible for both the diseases.
  - 2,471 424
Malignant pleural mesothelioma
Sukhesh Rao
April-June 2009, 26(2):53-54
DOI:10.4103/0970-2113.48900  PMID:20440397
Malignant mesothelioma is one of the rare tumors of pleura. One such case in a 57-year-old male, who presented with hemorrhagic pleural effusion and had no history of asbestos exposure, is reported here. The rarity, unusual presentation, and implications are discussed.
  - 3,037 569
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