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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 1983  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 233-236

Klebsiella Infection Of Lung

Correspondence Address:
T. N Sharma

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Klebsiella pneumonia were cultured in 26 out of 423 bronchial aspirates obtained using a selective collection technique. Eighteen patients were males and eight females. Antecedent upper respiratory tract infection or oral sepsis, previous antibiotic therapy, history of smoking, alcoholism, associated diabetes mellitus, malignancies and chronic lung diseases in the middle aged or elderly patient were common pre-disposing factors. Radiologically the disease predominantly presented as lobar infiltrates in upper lobes with frequent caviatation and abscess formation, while lobular infiltrates and isolated cavitation were present in a few. Kanamycin, Gentamycin, Streptomycin, and Chloramphenicol were the most effective antibiotics. After appropriate treatment, radiological regression with clinical improvement was observed in half of the cases, while rest had a prolonged course with residual pulmonary disease and a mortality of 12%.

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