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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 1989  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-22

The Health Effects Of Automobile Exhaust And Total Ambient Pollution In Bombay

Correspondence Address:
S. R Kamat

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Two high density road traffic areas and two other areas of Bombay city were studied in 1986-88. Sulphur dioxide (SO2), suspended particulate matter (SPM), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and carbon monoxide (CO) were monitored. After matching the study population, NO2 and SPM were found to be similar in concentration in all four areas. SO2 was highest at Parel; Kings Circle and Peddar Road areas exhibited higher CO levels. Cough, bronchitis and cardiorespiratory disorders were higher in King Circle and Peddar Road areas. In Khar area, chest pain, allergic history and eye irritation were lower than in other areas (p £ 0.005). Headache and eye problems were more in dwellers of smaller flats. Dyspnoea was found oftener in those who use cooking gas and headache and eye irritation in those using kerosene. Mortality rates indicated a falling trend for tuberculosis and respiratory diseases. Cardiac toll had increased and cancer deaths had maintained. Automobile exhaust added significantly to mortality and morbidity form ambient air pollution in Bombay.

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