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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 2004  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 33-35

Syphilitic Aortic Aneurysm Presenting As Superior Vena Cava Syndrome



Correspondence Address:
Rajesh Kashyap


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Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is now a well-known diagnosis since its first authentic description by William Hunter in 1757. The etiology of the SVCS has changed completely since its first description. Infections including syphilis and tuberculosis, being responsible for 40% of SVCS in a review of cases earlier, but now 90% are secondary to malignant diseases. We present a case of 46-yrs-old male who presented with progressive dyspnea and other features of SVCS. He was finally diagnosed as SVCS due to aneurysm of ascending arch of aorta, secondary to cardiovascular syphilis, the most common etiology two centuries back, rare today.


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