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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-77

Treatment outcomes of patients placed on treatment under directly observed therapy short-course (DOTS)

Department of Community Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Chandigarh., India

Correspondence Address:
Gurpreet Kaur
C/o Dr. N. K. Goel, Deptt. of Community Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Chandigarh.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.44124

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Background : Tuberculosis continues to be a pressing health problem in India. The Revised National Tuberculosis Programme (RNTCP), an application of Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) in India, launched in 1997 needs contin­uous evaluation. Objective : To study the outcomes of treatment among the patients put on DOTS under RNTCP in Chandigarh, UT. Material & Methods : A Longitudi­nal study was conducted during 2004-2005 in 13 Microscopic centres (MC's) spread over 2 Tuberculosis Units (TU's) under District Tuberculosis Centre (DTC) in Union Territory (UT), Chandigarh. A sample of 265 respondents, selected by two­stage stratified random sampling technique, was recruited in the study cohort. Data analysis was done using SPSS-10 statistical software package. Results : For Category I and Category II patients, the Success rate was 98.6% and 90.4% respectively. The overall default rate was 1.1% and failure rate was 2.6%. For re-treatment cases, failure rate was higher i.e. 5.8%. The sputum conversion rate among the new smear positive cases was 93.8% at 3 months of treatment. For the re-treatment cases, spu­tum conversion rate at 3 months was 94.1%. Conclusion : The study concludes that RNTCP is running successfully in UT Chandigarh, having high success rate and low default rate. The reasons for high failure rate should be explored in depth.

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