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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 22-26

Retrospective review analysis of COVID-19 patients co-infected with Mycoplasma pneumoniae

1 Department of Respiratory Medicine, Doncaster Royal Infirmary, UK
2 Department of Critical Care, Doncaster Royal Infirmary, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, UK

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhinav Choubey
Department of Respiratory Medicine at Doncaster Royal Infirmary
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_607_20

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Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an extremely infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The outbreak of this virus has resulted in significant morbidity and mortality throughout the world. We have seen an unprecedented spread of this virus, leading to extreme pressure on health-care services. Mycoplasma pneumoniae causes atypical bacterial pneumonia and is known to co-infect patients with viral pneumonias. Methods: In this retrospective study, patients' data of 580 inpatients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were reviewed retrospectively over a 3-month period which included the the first peak of COVID-19 infections in the UK. Results: Eight patients with COVID-19 and M. pneumoniae coinfection were identified – four males and four females. All patients were Caucasian, with an age range of 44–89 years. 37.5% of patients were hypertensive, whereas 25% had Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Dyspnea, cough, and pyrexia were found to be very common in these patients. Majority of the patients had abnormal C-reactive protein, lymphopenia, neutrophilia along with bilateral consolidation, and ground-glass opacities. Two patients required admission to intensive care, both of whom unfortunately died along with one patient receiving ward based care. Conclusion: Our confirmed the presence of co-infection with M. pneumoniae and describes the clinical features, investigation results, clinical course, and outcomes for these patients. Further research is needed to review the role of procalcitonin in excluding bacterial co-infection and to assess the impact of co-infection of patients with COVID-19 on morbidity and mortality.

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