Year : 2008 | Volume
: 25 | Issue : 2 | Page : 78--81
Diagnostic values of electrocardiogram in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
RL Agarwal, Dinesh Kumar, Gurpreet, DK Agarwal, GS Chabra
Department of Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, Motilal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh., India
Background : Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), a broad spectrum of respiratory diseases represents a worldwide problem. Electrocardiographic (ECG) findings may help in clinical decision making regarding this disease entity. Aims: To evaluate the extent and diagnostic values of ECG changes among COPD patients suffering from broad spectrum of respiratory diseases. Material & Methods : A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted in Sworoop Rani Nehru Hospital, Allahabad in Eastern Uttar Pradesh (UP), India. A sample of 60 patients attending respiratory diseases OPD for treatment of various respiratory problems including 14 COPD patients was selected randomly during 2000-2001. Patients of respiratory diseases were also evaluated electrocardiographically along with other investigations. Results : Respiratory problems were more common among rural males of low socio-economic group. COPD particularly chronic bronchitis was the commonest respiratory problem next to pulmonary tuberculosis. Inspite of normal heart rate observed in 71.4% COPD patients, ECG changes were present in 35.7% COPD patients. Peaked P-wave was observed in 35.7% COPD patients, whereas duration of QRS complex was abnormal in only 8.1% of the patients. None of the COPD patients showed abnormal P-wave duration. ECG changes were found less sensitive (35.7%) but highly specific (95.6%). Conclusion : Diagnostic values of ECG among patients with respiratory problems suggest that COPD patients should be screened electrocardiographically in addition to other clinical investigations.
Department of Community Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Chandigarh.
|How to cite this article:|
Agarwal R L, Kumar D, Gurpreet, Agarwal D K, Chabra G S. Diagnostic values of electrocardiogram in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Lung India 2008;25:78-81
|How to cite this URL:|
Agarwal R L, Kumar D, Gurpreet, Agarwal D K, Chabra G S. Diagnostic values of electrocardiogram in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Lung India [serial online] 2008 [cited 2020 Nov 28 ];25:78-81
Available from: https://www.lungindia.com/article.asp?issn=0970-2113;year=2008;volume=25;issue=2;spage=78;epage=81;aulast=Agarwal;type=0